Our eyes go through natural changes that can affect our vision and overall eye health. They are generally a result of a slow weakening in the running of various structures within the eye. 

Common Age Related Eye Problems and Treatment Options

What Are The Common Age-Related Eye Problems?


Firstly, this is the most common age-related eye problem. It affects near vision. It is when the eye lens becomes less flexible over time. This makes it difficult to focus on nearby items. 

Symptoms might include pain, hard-to-read small letters, and the need to hold reading material closer. Presbyopia is an eye condition that develops with age. 


The cause is the clouding of the eye’s normal lens. Cataracts prevent the light from reaching the retina. 

They develop slowly, causing blurred eyesight. Your eyes might even turn red or tear up. Some cataracts are minor. But some become huge and can have major effects on your eyesight.  

This condition can be caused due to age, genes, or certain illnesses. 

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

This condition is a leading cause that affects the macula. It is a small area in the center of the retina. It contains a lot of nerves that are reactive to light. 

There are two types of AMD;

  • Dry AMD: Thinning of the macula.
  • Wet AMD: Abnormal blood vessel growth under the macula. 

You will not go blind, but your eyesight will change. 


This eye problem damages the optic nerve. The cause is inside the eye and its increased pressure. It can become permanent if untreated. 

A person’s age, genes, and conditions like diabetes and other drugs could put him at a higher risk. The cause could also be a strain, a block in the blood vessels, or certain eye surgeries. 

This condition shows no signs of the condition or pain until the later stages. 

Dry-Eye Syndrome

This condition happens when the eyes do not produce sufficient tears or when the tears evaporate quickly. Risk factors include old age, hormones, drugs, and other environmental factors.

Symptoms include redness, irritation, and blurred eyesight. 

Floaters and Flashers

Floaters are small particles that float in the field of your vision. Flashers are brief strikes of light. 

In addition, they are part of the normal aging process and are due to the changes in the gel within the eye. However, a significant increase in the number of floaters or flashers you are seeing might indicate another eye condition. 


Watery eyes can be due to your exposure to light, wind, or temperature. It can also be due to inflammation in the eye or a blocked tear duct. 

Furthermore, those with dry eyes will tear up more. This is because the dryness can cause irritation. 

Diabetes-Related Retinopathy

The condition is due to diabetes. It comes when the blood vessels fail to supply nutrients needed by the retina. 

The vessels might show an escape of fluid. This results in cloudiness covering your eyes or no signs at all. However, the patient might experience floaters, blind spots, and haziness later on. 

Additionally, new blood vessels may develop and drain into the eye. You might lose your eyesight. 

Retinal Detachment

This occurs when the layers; the inner and outer parts of the retina separate. Your eye will not be able to communicate with your brain. 

Signs include; 

  • The rise of floaters or flashes. 
  • Faint eyesight, like you are underwater.
  • You see black when you are looking at something.  


This condition occurs when the membrane covering the sclera and the lining of the eyelids goes through inflammation. 

It can affect those of any age. It may stem from causes like infection, certain substances, or allergic reactions. Also, this eye condition resulting from a bacteria or virus is highly infectious. 

Signs include red in the area, irritation, pain, and watery eyes. 

Corneal Diseases

The cornea plays an important role in focusing the incoming light. Alas, the cornea can be damaged due to diseases, infections, injuries, exposure to dangerous substances, and other toxic elements. 

Symptoms include red in the section, tearing, discomfort, diminished vision, or seeing a halo around objects. 

Eyelid Problems

Many diseases and conditions can give rise to eyelid problems. Signs of eyelid problems include pain, irritation, watery eyes, and reactive light. 

Other issues may involve eyelid drooping, uncontrollable blinking, and inflammation of the eyelids closer to the eyelashes.  

Temporal Arteritis

It is a condition showing blockage of the arteries in the temporal region of the temple. It could include other parts of the body as well.

This condition begins with strong headaches, pain while eating, and swelling in the forehead. However, if untreated, it might lead to non-temporary loss of eyesight. 

Treatment Options


  • Eyeglasses with bifocal, trifocal, or progressive lenses.
  • Contact lenses are specially designed for presbyopia.
  • Surgical options like refractive lens replacement or monovision LASIK.


  • Cataract surgery to replace the cloudy lens with a new transparent artificial lens. 

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

    • Taking vitamins and minerals.
  • Injections or laser therapy.


    • Eye drops to lower inside eye pressure.
  • Oral medications or laser surgery. 

Dry Eye Syndrome

  • Artificial tears or eye drops.
  • Oral Medications. 
  • Punctal plugs block tear drainage.
  • Advanced treatments like membrane transplant. 

Floaters and Flashes

  • Observation in most cases.
  • Surgery for retinal tears or detachments.


  • Eye protection or wearing sunglasses.
  • Treating primary causes such as infections or blocked tear ducts.

Diabetes-Related Retinopathy

  • Controlling blood sugar levels.
  • Laser treatment or injections for advanced stages.

Retinal Detachment

  • Surgery to reattach the retina.


  • Antibiotic or antiviral eye drops for those caused by infections.
  • Lubricating eye drops or cold compresses. 

Corneal Diseases

  • Medications, such as eye drops or ointments.
  • Corneal transplant in severe cases.

Eyelid Problems

  • Medications for specific conditions (e.g., blepharitis).
  • Surgery for drooping eyelids (ptosis).

Temporal Arteritis

  • High-dose steroids to reduce swelling.

Furthermore, consult your eye specialist for proper analysis and a specified treatment plan for any eye condition you have.

Prevention Methods

    • Make regular visits to your doctor to monitor primary diseases, like diabetes.
    • Schedule a once-a-year appointment with an eye specialist. Make sure you go through a thorough eye exam. 
  • If you have diabetes or a family history, have an eye exam with pupil dilation at least once per year. 


In conclusion, stay informed about these common eye conditions, recognize their symptoms, and consult your doctor. So, we can effectively manage and treat them. 

You can go through regular eye exams, get the necessary treatments and adopt healthy lifestyle habits. This is to preserve your clear vision and prevent further damage.