Skin is the largest organ of the human body. Skin disorders worldwide that affect the skin can cause rashes, inflammation, itchiness, and irritative conditions. Easily recognizable when red bumps are widely spread through your skin. Some disorders are contiguous and some are not

Most Common Skin Disorders Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Likewise, these disorders can occur due to genetic problems and certain environmental factors. It is essential to seek medications for one who has skin disease as most of them look to increase with time. Let’s explore the most common skin disorders that people have and the available treatments.

1. Acne


Acne is the most common skin disease that affects mostly to teenagers. Also, known as vulgaris, and can be seen among a few adults as well. This disorder is typically caused by a combination of excessive oil, bacteria, and inflammation in skin pores. Acne appears as pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads. Some people get acne on their body too, such as chest and back.

Reasons for getting acne are hormonal changes(puberty), genetics, oil production, stress, and certain skin care products.


  • Apply a topical cream with the recommendation of a dermatologist to prevent oily skin and scares.
  • Use a gentle cleanser when washing your face.
  • Avoid touching and picking at acne.
  • Handle the stress.
  • Eat healthy food such as grains, fruits, and nuts.
  • Don’t forget the daily intake of water. at least 4l per day.

2. Eczema


Eczema is a common skin condition caused by inflammation, itchiness, and redness of the skin. but it does not spread from person to person. This is also known as atopic dermatitis. Adults and children of all ages can be taken as victims of eczema.

Reasons for this disorder are some foods like nuts and dairy. There’s a probability that you have this condition if one of your family members has this. parents’ genetics maybe.


  • Keep the skin moisturized to prevent dryness and itchiness.
  • Avoid scratching if you have eczema because it will worsen the condition
  • Wear soft and comfortable clothes.

3. Vitiligo


Vitiligo is known to be a long-term skin disorder that causes the skin color to pale and to have patches. These pale color areas get bigger eventually. This can be affected by any part of the body. Most commonly in hands, arms, and face.

Vitiligo occurs due to a lack of melanocytes, and immunity factors so does the stress. In this condition, the body’s immune attacks its own melanocytes. This is not an infectious disease. Additionally, not painful.


  • You can restore the skin color using phototherapy. Which is a light treatment.
  • Steroid creams also can regain the lost skin color.

It is to mention that the treatments differ from person to person. Better to consult a dermatologist.

4. Rosacea


This is also a long-term skin condition that causes pimple-like bumps and redness on your face. Rosacea is abundant among middle-aged (30-50). Common symptoms can vary from person to person. Some people get reddened eyes too.

Triggers are hot weather, sun exposure, autoimmune as well as spicy foods. In addition to that, hereditary genes, bacteria, and insects help to cause rosacea.

Treatments and Preventions:

  • Apply a moisturizer every time for an oil-free skin.
  • Use creams and gels that contain antibiotics.
  • Protect your skin from sunlight as possible or else apply sunscreen.
  • Can get oral medications which are containing antibiotics with the recommendation of a dermatologist.
  • Laser therapy can reduce redness and regain the appearance of skin

5. Psoriasis


Psoriasis condition causes flakey patches on elbows, and knees and possibly to appear anywhere in your body. These patches can be itchy or sore. On light skin, they appear as red or pink patches. On dark skin, they seem like brown patches. Psoriasis also tends to change the color of your nails as well. So those are the main symptoms.

The triggers can be dysfunctions in the immune system that cause inflammation of the skin, emotional stress, and some medications containing drugs. Also, parents can pass this disorder to their children.

Treatments and preventions:

  • Use mild skincare products which can’t irritate your skin. avoid soaps and scrubs.
  • Immune therapy is identified to avoid the autoimmune condition
  • Avoid smoking and use of drugs
  • Taking enough sleep

6. Hives


Hives are also called urticaria. It is a type of skin rash that causes bumps on your skin. they are common to see in the chest, face, neck, and arms. Those bumps will go away within a few hours but some last for weeks and months. They are possible to spread out through the body. They appear as pink color rashes on white skin and brown or black color in dark skin.

Hives are caused due to allergies, infections, and some medications. The treatments for this condition depend on the cause. If you have hives, immediately see the dermatologist. Precautions also can be done by you as follows


  • Get Antihistamines prescribed by the doctor which can avoid getting skin allergies.
  • Avoid hot water
  • Wear lightweight clothes

7. Warts


So Warts are caused by the virus known as Human Papillomavirus (HPV). Warts can be seen as small skin growths like bumps and can appear anywhere on the skin. They may be itchy and painful sometimes. It also gets both rough and smooth surfaces. They can be spread from one person to another through direct contact.


  • Apply topical creams which contain salicylic acid or lactic acid.
  • Cryotherapy to get rid of warts
  • Laser therapy can be used to burn the warts
  • Immune system stimulator to fight against the virus

Finally, to mention that skin is the reflection of your health. understanding all of these symptoms of common skin disorders is easy to manage and avoid. Many of them can be treatable with the consultation of a dermatologist. Moreover, these types of conditions will not get into you if you follow a healthy lifestyle. Protecting your skin from harsh environmental conditions will help you not to reoccur skin disorders. Hope this information took you deep into the treatments as well. Don’t forget to follow them.